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The Mutual Evolution of Earth and Humanity

Sketch of a Geology and Paleontology of the Living Earth

Dankmar Bosse Translated by Frank T. Fawcett

528 pp.  
8 1/2" x 11"
Illustrations: Illustrated throughout

Lindisfarne Books


Published:  April 2019


This epic work by Dankmar Bosse presents, for the first time, a comprehensive picture of the evolution of the earth and its natural kingdoms, based primarily on geology and paleontology, and with reference to the results of Rudolf Steiner’s spiritual-scientific research.

“The Evolution of the Cosmos and Humanity,” chapter 4 of Rudolf Steiner’s fundamental work in 1910, An Outline of Esoteric Science, is the single most extensive expression of his suprasensory research into evolution as a whole. Nonetheless, it is an “outline,” leaving much to be explored from numerous perspectives, including the various fields of natural science, from which Steiner’s approach grew. 

Finally, Dankmar Bosse offers with this publication a geoscience analog to Steiner's findings. Bosse illumines numerous questions concerning the natural sciences from a new orientation—for example the relationship between humanity and the evolution of the animal kingdom; the origin of the deeper crystalline rocks; and the formation of our present-day landscapes on Earth.

The Mutual Evolution of Earth and Humanity offers a fascinating exposition of the development of Earth and humanity, illustrated abundantly with color photographs and diagrams. This pioneering book will be useful to teachers, students, scientists, and anyone interested in our human relationship to the world around us.

Fig. 48: Three saurians in the fire-mist and on the watery earth’s surface of the Jurassic period and, below them,
two mammals in a Tertiary forest. Blackboard drawing for a worker’s lecture by Rudolf Steiner, Sept. 20, 1922.


  1. The Relationship of Humanity to Animals in Earth's History
    The Branches of the Animal Kingdom
    The Human–Vertebrate Branch
    The Branches of the Lower Natural Kingdoms
    Human and Animal Evolution
    Evolutionary Laws

  2. The Process of Rock Formation
    Ways of Classifying Rocks
    Rock Succession in the Earth's Crust
    Sedimentary Rock-forming Processes
    The Origin Processes of the Crystalline Rocks
    Rock Formation in the Earth Organism
    The Life-Sphere and the Evolution of Humanity

  3. Forming of the Earth's Crust and Its Landscapes Earth and Moon
    The Development of the Continents
    The Development of the Earth's Crust
    Lemuria and Atlantis
    The Formation of Landscapes out of the Plain
    The Development of the Life-Sphere of the Earth

  4. Special Topics
    Methods of Scientific Investigation
    The Time-concept in Relation to the Earth's History
    Geologic and Anthroposophic Time Scales
    Goethe's Geological Experiences
    Orthoclase in the Biodynamic Horn Silica Preparation
    Ideas for Teaching Geology in Schools

This volume is a translation from German of Die gemeinsame Evolution von Erde und Mensch: Entwurf einer Geologie und Paläntologie der lebendigen Erde (Verlag Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart, 2002).

Related Titles

  • Goethe on Science : An Anthology of Goethe's Scientific Writings
  • Eco-Geography : What We See When We Look at Landscapes
  • Nature's Open Secret : Introductions to Goethe's Scientific Writings (CW 1)
  • Apocalypse, the Transformation of Earth : An Esoteric Mineralogy
  • The Living Origin of Rocks and Minerals
  • Form, Life, and Consciousness : An Introduction to Anthroposophic Medicine and Study of the Human Being

    Related Titles by Subject:

    Anthroposophy: Evolution & History ; Biodynamics: Observation ; Esoteric: Evolution & History ; Science & Nature: General and Science & Nature: Goethean Studies