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Johann Valentin Andreae

Johannes Valentinus Andreae (1586–1654) was a German theologian, who claimed to be the author of an ancient text known as the Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz anno 1459 (published in 1616, Strasbourg, as The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz). It became one of the three founding works of Rosicrucianism. Andreae was born in Herrenberg, Württemberg, the son of Johannes Andreae, the superintendent of Herrenberg and later the abbot of Königsbrunn. His mother Maria Moser went to Tübingen as a widow and was court apothecary. The young Andreae studied theology and natural sciences. He befriended Christoph Besold who encouraged Andreae's interest in esotericism. Around 1605, he wrote the first version of The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz. He visited Dillingen, a bastion of the Jesuits, whom he regarded as the Antichrist. In 1608, he returned to Tübingen. He came to know Tobias Hess, a Paracelsian physician with an interest in apocalyptic prophecy. His writings and efforts provided a potent stimulus to Protestant intellectuals at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and he appears to have inspired the foundation of The Unio Christiana which was established in Nuremberg during 1628 by a few patricians and churchmen under the impetus of Johannes Saubert the Elder.


Books by Johann Valentin Andreae :