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Thinking beyond Darwin

The Idea of Living Form as a Key to Vertebrate Evolution

Ernst Michael Kranich Foreword by Craig Holdrege

192 pp.  
5 1/2" x 8 1/2"

Lindisfarne Books


Published:  April 1999


Through the work of Charles Darwin, a great task was set before science--to progress from opinions about evolution to a science of evolution, and reveal the inner laws and driving forces at work in the development of the organic world.

In Thinking beyond Darwin, Ernst-Michael Kranich focuses on a central problem of evolutionary science. He shows us a way, based on Goethe's botanical and zoological investigations, of seeing the coherence and inner dynamics of organisms.

Using Goethe's concept of type as a key to vertebrate evolution, Kranich methodically lays the foundation for a science of evolution. He focuses on the central problem of evolutionary science: are there underlying principles that connect the many disparate facts? By applying Goethe's method consistently to evolutionary thinking, Kranich shows that the laws and driving forces of evolution are encompassed by the inner lawfulness of living organisms and that we must participate through formative thinking in the evolutionary processes.

Thinking beyond Darwin, makes an important contribution to the development of more adequate concepts of evolution and arrives at clear insights about earlier animal forms and evolutionary laws that could have immense consequences for future evolutionary thinking.


Foreword by Craig Holdrege

1. The Horse as Organism
2. Neo-Darwinism and its Critics
3. Nominalism and Evolutionary Theory
4. The Foundations of an Organic View of the Animal World in the Thought of Herder and Goethe
5. Understanding Animal Forms through the Generative Method
6. The Evolution of the Horse
7. Understanding Fish Evolution
8. From the Fishes to the Amphibians
9. Reptiles and Mammals
10. Evolution as Development
11. The Human Being and the Vertebrate Type Epilogue


Related Titles

  • Functional Morphology : The Dynamic Wholeness of the Human Organism
  • Thinking like a Plant : A Living Science for Life

    Related Titles by Subject:

    Science & Nature: General and Science & Nature: Goethean Studies