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About Formative Forces in the Plant World

Dick van Romunde Illustrated by Elly van Hardeveld Preface by Ernst Katz

164 pp.  
6 1/2" x 9"
Illustrations: Color drawings


Published:  July 2016


Guided by the works of Goethe and Rudolf Steiner, Dick van Romunde’s plant studies lead “the reader step-by-step into the observation of plants” in a way that Ernst Katz calls “truly Goethean.” The Goethean approach differs from what we find in most nature guides; it engages more than our senses and intellect and allows true intimacy with the plant world.

Van Romunde’s consideration of forms and formative forces in the plant world begins by focusing on leaf forms, including parallel veined structures, radiant veined structures, and feather veins. He considers the calyxes and involucra formed in the transition from leaves to flowers, and concludes by focusing on flower forms, comparing petals to sepals and leaves and discussing multilateral and bilateral symmetry.

This discussion is complemented wonderfully by the many beautiful and inspiring color drawings of Elly van Hardeveld.


1. Parallel Veined Leaf Structures
2. Radiant Veined Leaf Structures
3. Feather Veined Leaf Structures
4. Structures of Calyxes and Involucra
5. Petal Structures
6. Multilateral Symmetry in Flowers
7. Bilateral Symmetry in Flowers
   Concluding Contemplation
   Clarification of Botanical Terminology

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