Phases of Childhood Edition 3 Revised
Growing in Body, Soul and Spirit
1st May 2005
- ISBN 9780863154812
- Language English
- Pages 208 pp.
How can education work in harmony with a child's developing relationship with the surrounding world? Can education consider the child's body, soul, and spirit?
Bernard Lievegoed takes a child's full humanity—body, soul, and spirit—as his starting point. From this, the philosophy and pedagogy emerge whereby, he insists, children can become happy, wise, and skilled adults if education considers the development of these three aspects from the beginning.
Drawing on the educational ideas of Rudolf Steiner and on a philosophical tradition going back to Goethe and Schiller, Lievegoed rejects the materialist nineteenth-century notion that “knowledge is power,” which continues to pervade mainstream education today. He describes the three fundamental stages of child development—preschool, schoolchild, and teenager—in a clear and concise way. Lievegoed shows how each stage of roughly seven years has its own characteristics and its own genetic and biographical potential.
Lievegoed also explores the practical application of these insights as an educational method that is in harmony with children's developing relationship to the world around them.
“This book has been a standard text and has provided student teachers, therapists, parents, and many others with an overview of child development from an anthroposophical perspective. I have been saying for years that it should be updated, and now this has happened. This book is quite simply a ‘must.’”
C O N T E N T S:
1. The Three Cycles of Development
2. The Physical Stages of Development
3. The Child up to the Loss of the Milk Teeth
4. From Loss of the Milk Teeth to Puberty
5. Development from Puberty
6. The Layers of the Human Soul
7. Development of the Self
8. The Stages of Thinking
9. Stages of Feeling: Artistic Development
10. The Development of the Will: Morality
11. Heredity and Individualization
12. On Education and Self-Education