Hans Müller-Wiedemann (1924–1997) studied medicine in Tübingen following his service in World War II. His focus was psychiatry, neurology, and psychosomatic disorders. Beginning in 1953, he lived and worked in Camphill communities, first with Karl König in Scotland, then in South Africa, and from 1966 at the Camphill community near Überlingen on Bodensee. His key research was in the area of autism. He published books and articles about his field of work, as well as poetry.